Little is known about his life, although many short stories about his life are recorded by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists In Florence Donatello learned the basics of sculpting at the Stonemasons' Guild, where he learned other crafts as well. Donatello then became an apprentice a person who works to learn a trade to Lorenzo Ghiberti c.
Chronology Donatello Biography Donatello di Niccolo di Betto Bardi, better known as simply Donatello, is arguably one of the most influential sculptors from the Italian Renaissance.
He was born in or in Florence, Italy. The exact date is unknown. Donatello's father was Niccolo di Betto Bardi. The Bardi family were commercially successful and Niccolo Bardi was a wool carder that had earned a modest place in Florence's bourgeois society.
This social rank likely earned Donatello an apprenticeship around to learn stone-carving with one of the many sculptors who worked nearby during the construction of the Florence's cathedral, the Duomo. Between approximately Donatello found employment as a member of Lorenzo Ghiberti's workshop.
Ghiberti was well known for his International Gothic style of bronze sculpture and excelled at creating gracefully subtle lines in his work. Donatello's first statue depicting David is one of his earliest known works and in many respects pays homage to Ghiberti's style.
Other early works include his marble St. John the Evangelist for the Duomo's facade and a crucifix made from wood for nearby Santa Croce's church. As Donatello refined his skill as a sculptor he also gained a reputation as being somewhat emotionally volatile.
It was reported anecdotally that he had a temper and an abrasive sense of humor. Very little is known about his personal life but stories recorded from his friend Vasari seem to indicate he was agnostic. This may account for his unique take on the religious iconography he was commonly commissioned to create.
Around Donatello's full range as an artist began to emerge in two marble statues completed in the same year. His statues of St. George show immense confidence and personality in everything from their attire to their facial expression. Both statues were carved from marble and also informed a series of statues of prophets that would later surround the bell tower of the Duomo.
All of these depictions of the prophets are strikingly unique from medieval and ancient portraits of the prophets, with Zuccone being considered the finest and most masterful of the collection. Donatello created his own form of relief in sculpted marble panels called "schiacciato.
The principal subjects of the panel appeared to pop off the sculpted work. He used this technique to great success in many works such as St. During the same period of time in which he was developing his work within marble panels, Donatello had also become accomplished at casting figures in bronze.
Around he completed his first major bronze work entitled St. Though the initial response was underwhelming, the work is now considered a great artistic achievement.
Part of the reason for the poor reception initially may have been the difference in it's two locations and the surrounding materials. Originally installed as a part of a niche at Orsanmichele, in the statue was moved to Santa Croce. There the surrounding plaster background did not harmonize with the work to the same effect that the marble in the Orsanmichele niche appeared to.
It is speculated St. Louise of Toulouse may have been one of the first collaborations Donatello designed with Michelozzo. Michelozzo was a Florentine sculptor and architect who had also studied under Ghiberti.
In the next few years they shared a limited partnership where Donatello constructed a sculptural centre for the bronze effigy of John XXII.
He also contributed the relief work for the Assumption of the Virgin on the Brancacci tomb in Naples and the balustrade relief work surrounding the exterior pulpit of the Prato Cathedral.
While Donatello's solo work seems inspired by a wide variety of ancient art, his collaborations with Michelozzo are much more similar to works by Filippo Brunelleschi.Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo (–) and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy.
Sculptor, Artist (c.
Between approximately Donatello found employment as a member of Lorenzo Ghiberti's workshop. Ghiberti was well known for his International Gothic style of bronze sculpture and excelled at creating gracefully subtle lines in his work.
Watch video · Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo (–) and was the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy. Born in Florence. Biography of DONATELLO (b.
ca. , Firenze, d. , Firenze) in the Web Gallery of Art, a searchable image collection and database of European painting, sculpture and architecture (). By the time Medici was Exiled, Donatello stayed in Rome until His two artworks in the city was the Giovanni Crivelli’s Tomb located in Santa Maria, a province of Aracoeli.
And his other work was the Saint Peter’s Basilica Ciborium. The Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo (–), and was certainly the most influential individual artist of the fifteenth century in Italy.