Glossary of Hinduism terms Hinduism portal Nataraja Sanskrit: His dance is called Tandavam or Nadanta, depending on the context of the dance. A male dancer is termed Koothan.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Visual arts of India and Sri Lanka Ceylon Indian art is the term commonly used to designate the art of the Indian subcontinent, which includes the present political divisions of India, Kashmir, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
The earliest urban culture of the subcontinent is represented by the Indus Valley civilization c. The circumstances in which this culture came to an end are obscure. Although there is no clear proof of historical continuityscholars have noticed several striking similarities between this early culture and features of later Indian civilization.
The period immediately following the urban Indus Valley civilization is marked by a variety of essentially rural cultures.
A second urbanization began to occur only around the 6th century bc, when flourishing cities started to reappear, particularly in the Gangetic Basin. The Buddha lived and preached in this period, which culminated in the great Maurya Empirewhose relatively few works are the earliest surviving remnants of monumental art.
The Maurya Empire spread over almost all of what is modern India and Pakistan. Territories as extensive were never possessed by any other dynasty.
With its fall, the empire broke up into a number of states ruled by many dynastiessome of which acquired considerable power and fame for varying periods of time. Though these kings were Hindu by religion, Buddhist monuments form the great majority of surviving works.
Around the mid-4th century, the Gupta dynastyof indigenous origin, rapidly expanded its power, uprooting the last remnants of foreign rule and succeeding in bringing almost all of northern India under its sway.
The period extending from the 4th through the 5th centuries is marked by the most flourishing artistic activities. In addition to the Buddhist monuments, there are the first strong indications of specifically Hindu patronage. Works of remarkable beauty and elegance were produced in this period, which is commonly called the Golden Age of India.
The disintegration of these two empires toward the close of the 5th and the 6th centuries ushered in what has been called the medieval period c.
Their rise to power and their decline was part of a constantly recurring process, for none of them was able to hold onto a position of even relative paramountcy for any extended period of time. Most of the dynasties of medieval India were Hindu, though some Jaina and a very few Buddhist kings are also known.
The various faiths, however, existed in comparative harmony; and Buddhist and Jaina monuments continued to be built, though most of the surviving works are Hindu.
By the end of the 12th century, almost all of northern India had been conquered. The Muslim powers were also divided into many kingdoms, despite attempts made by the sultanate of Delhi, and later by the Mughals, to achieve paramountcy over large portions of India.
These attempts were successful only for short periods of time. As a whole, the European advent was marked by a relative insensitivity to native art traditions, but rising nationalism attempted a conscious revival of Indian art toward the end of the 19th century.Metal Shiva Statues from India and Nepal.
The most popular type of Shiva Statue is that of Dancing Shiva, also known as Shiva Nataraja. These statues are often seen at temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, but are appropriate for home altars as well. The great Hindu god Shiva has many guises and many representations in art, but perhaps the most familiar is as a dancing figure within a circle of fire, that is as Shiva Nataraja, Lord of the Dance.
It is an image seen in museums, temples, restaurants, and esoteric shops across the world, and it is wonderfully rich in iconography and hidden meaning.
Also known as Natarajan in Tamil, meaning "Naatiyathin" (of dance) "Raajan" (king).
Naatiyam is another word for dance in Tamil. Depiction.
The dance of Shiva in Tillai, the traditional name for Chidambaram, forms the motif for all the depictions of Shiva as Nataraja. Click here to view all our mystical dancing Shiva as Lord Nataraja Statues.
The purpose of the dance is to release men from illusion of the idea of the "self" and of the physical world. The cosmic dance was performed in Chidambaram in South India, called the center of the universe by some Hindus.
Nataraja Tandava is a depiction of the Hindu god Shiva as the cosmic dancer who performs his divine dance to destroy a weary universe and make preparations for the god .
|TRENDING ON ONEINDIA||Before discussing the objects and monuments most significant to Hinduism, begin with an introduction of the basic tenets of the religion itself. Hinduism shares many of the same presuppositions as Buddhism and uses both of the foundational texts the Vedas and the Upanishads.|
|Just as the luminous upper chapel of the Sainte Chapelle dazzled and overwhelmed worshipers in France, the looming bronze statues of Shiva and Parvati in, for example, the inner halls of the Meenakshi Temple in Madurai, in south India would have awed a Hindu devotee. It is easy to become absorbed in the dark quiet of these galleries with its remarkable collection of divine figures, but it is important to remember that this particular statue was intended to be movable, which explains its moderate size and sizeable circular base, ideal for lifting and hoisting onto a shoulder.|
Also known as Natarajan in Tamil, meaning "Naatiyathin" (of dance) "Raajan" (king). Naatiyam or Nadanam is another word for dance in Tamil. Depiction.
The dance of Shiva in Tillai, the traditional name for Chidambaram, forms the motif for all the depictions of Shiva as Nataraja.