Consequences Tradeoffs The method consists of examining each of these core elements separately, using them to clarify and organize your thoughts as you go. The way you state your problem frames your decision. It determines the alternatives you consider and how you will evaluate them. Effectively posing the problem is paramount, as it influences all your subsequent thinking in the decision making process.
Some of the techniques employed to make the group decision making process more effective and decision making more efficient in which creativity is encouraged, are as follows: This technique involves a group of people, usually between five and ten, sitting around a table, generating ideas in the form of free association.
The primary focus is on generation of ideas rather them on evaluation of ideas. If a large number of ideas can be generated, then it is likely that there will be a unique and creative idea among them. All these ideas are written on the black board with a piece of chalk so that everybody can see every idea and try to improve upon such ideas.
Brainstorming technique is very effective when the problem is comparatively specific and can be simply defined.
A complex problem can be broken up into parts and each part can be taken separately at a time. Nominal group technique is similar to brainstorming except that the approach A group decision making method more structured. Members form the group in name only and operate independently, generating ideas for solving the problem on their own, in silence and in writing.
Members do not interact with each other so that strong personality domination is avoided. It encourages individual creativity.
The group coordinator either collects these written ideas or writes then on a large black board for everyone to see or he asks each member to speak out and then he writes it on the black board as he receives it.
These ideas are then discussed one by one in turn and each participant is encouraged to comment on these ideas for the purpose of clarification and improvement. After all ideas are discussed, they are evaluated for their merits and drawbacks and each participating member is required to vote on each idea and assign it a rank on the basis of priority of each alternative solution.
The idea with the highest aggregate ranking is selected as the final solution to the problem. This technique is the modification of the nominal group technique, except that it involves obtaining the opinions of experts physically separated from each other and unknown to each other.
This insulates group members from the undue influence of others. Generally, the types of problems handled by this technique are not specific in nature or related to a particular situation at a given time. For example, the technique could be used to understand the problems that could be created in the event of a war.
The steps in the Delphi technique are: The problem is identified and a sample of experts is selected. These experts are asked to provide potential solutions through a series of carefully designed questionnaires.
Each expert completes and returns the initial questionnaire. The results of the questionnaire are compiled at a central location and the central coordinator prepares a second questionnaire based on the previous answers.
Each member receives a copy of the results along with the second questionnaire. Members are asked to review the results and respond to the second questionnaire. The results typically trigger new solutions or cause changes in the original position.
The process is repeated until a consensus is reached.
The process is very time consuming and is primarily useful in illuminating broad range, long term complex issues such as future effects of energy shortages that might occur.
This technique is applicable only in certain situations, but is an excellent method when such a situation exists. The type of problem should be such that it results in a yes-no solution. For example, the decision may be to buy or not to buy, to merge or not to merge, to expand or not to expand and so on.Abstract.
Improving individuals' and groups' abilities to solve problems and make decisions is recognized as an important issue in education, industry, and government.
Also called: NGT voting, nominal prioritization. Variations: sticking dots, weighted voting, multiple picking-out method (MPM) Multivoting narrows a large list of possibilities to a smaller list of the top priorities or to a final selection.
Vote Style Decision Making Patterson, Grenny, McMillan and Switzler, suggest only using a vote when team members agree to support whatever decision is made: “Voting is best suited to situations where efficiency is the highest value – and you’re selecting from a number of good options.
On this page, you can learn 56 skills that help you make better decisions.
These range from techniques for setting the scene for effective decision making, through tools that help you choose between different options, to skills for deciding whether to run a project or not.
Quotes. What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it.
Decision making Leadership teams. Decisions are made at the right level with an appropriate degree of urgency and discussion in considering both short and long term implications, with trade-offs actively timberdesignmag.comons are timely and effectively communicated.