An illegitimate child, London was deserted by his father, "Professor" William Henry Chaney, an itinerant astrologer who denied paternity and abandoned the family before young John's first birthday. By the age of 10, he had already become an avid reader.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The Birth of a Jungle: Animality in Progressive-era U. Literature and Culture, by Michael Lundblad.
Oxford University Press, This book approaches several texts central to the tradition of American literary naturalism from the perspective of "Animality Studies," sometimes identified as Human-Animal Studies, which examines the ways in which traits or characteristics associated with animals are deployed within literature and culture, particularly in response to ideological tensions such as those surrounding issues of race, class, and gender.
Indeed, it is these cultural tensions that constitute the primary focus of Lundblad's analysis. If this seems like familiar territory for the study of Progressive-era literature, The Birth of a Jungle is enlivened by its interrogation of conventional assumptions about the familiar figures of the "brute" or the "beast" and by Lundblad's fresh and engaging readings of works by Henry and William James, Frank Norris, Jack London, Upton Sinclair, and Edgar Rice Burroughs.
Lundblad explicitly cites recent theoretical work on human-animal relationships by Donna Haraway and Cary Wolfe in his critical elaboration of a "discourse of the jungle" within literary works at the turn of the twentieth century.
Readers of Progressive-era literature have traditionally approached these works as aligned with evolutionary science and the hegemony of Social Darwinism, and The Birth of a Jungle joins other recent scholarship in redefining Darwinism as a cultural phenomenon and the role of literature and culture in its development.
In place of a uniform ideology, derived from Darwinian and Spencerian principles, Lundblad convincingly argues for the inconsistency and complexity of human-animal discourse, which ultimately resists easy or reductive conclusions.
Lundblad's book is divided into three sections. The first addresses the question of masculinity and "the naturalization of heterosexuality that is produced by the discourse of the jungle.
The book's second part contends with issues of class, labor, and the capitalist marketplace. Lundblad interprets the unsettled rhetoric of the marketplace in Frank Norris's The Octopus and Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, exploring the paradoxical application of Herbert Spencer's doctrine of "survival of the fittest" as both natural process and unnatural monster.
Finally, in the third section, Lundblad examines the development of "humane" standards for the treatment of both animals and criminals alongside racist characterizations that mark racial "others" as beasts. In a provocative reading of Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan of the Apes, Lundblad points to an important distinction between animality and "savagery" in the novel's racial characterizations.
Wells, and representations of surprisingly complex notions of racial difference. In addition to its grounding in Human-Animal Studies, The Birth of a Jungle draws upon Lundblad's exploration of the intertwining impact of Darwinian and Freudian concepts of the animal, as well as critical studies of naturalist fiction and its depictions of animals, both literal and figurative.
While the book's interrogation of cultural and intellectual history is particularly insightful, scholars of American literary naturalism are likely to be interested in Lundblad's relatively narrow—albeit productive—engagement with naturalist criticism.
According to Lundblad, "Arguing for more subtlety and nuance in studies of naturalism is not necessarily new, but assumptions about the stability and consistency of what it means to be an animal within a naturalist text tend to remain in place.
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You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Jack London’s Call of the Wild is the story of a dog's journey from living a cocooned life in sunny California, to the unforgiving frozen dunes of the arctic.
A man's greed stole Buck's comfortable life. Best part of story, including ending: I love survival stories like this. I was really happy to come across this book. I don't believe I could survive in this situation, but I like reading about people who can. Books with storylines, themes & endings like Giants in the Earth; The Sea-Wolf by Jack London;.
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At the man's heels trotted a dog, a big native husky, the proper wolf-dog, grey-coated and without any visible or temperamental difference from its brother, the wild wolf. The animal was depressed by the tremendous cold. Upper School Program The word program is defined as "a planned, coordinated set of actions, activities, or procedures for achieving some result or purpose." At Delphian, a student program is a set of planned and coordinated actions (courses, seminars, projects, apprenticeships, etc.) designed to guide individual students toward the completion.