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Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay - Paper Example Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay When we think of a theocracy, we usually think of a political system, governed and legislated by a religious body with religious beliefs - Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay introduction.
For the most part this is true. Historically, theocratic governments have successfully existed throughout the world, from ancient Egypt to modern Middle-Eastern Islamic states.
For centuries even the Christian Church enjoyed a theocratic diversity which encompassed most of the civilized world. As well, the unprecedented spread of Islam has seeded new theocracies at a tremendous rate. Most theocratic governments had one thing in common, however; their political ideologies did not just originate from the church, they were the church.
Church leaders were the political leaders. Typically, a strong theocracy was one with a superior church hierarchy in which the political system was deeply entrenched.
But not all theocratic structures were intended to be this way. Consistent with his scripture-based reasoning, Calvin eloquently described how civil and ecclesiastical governments were different, yet uniquely related. In his classic reformation style, Calvin metaphorically compared Catholic to Protestant theology by framing his theocracy not on the church as the government, but rather he separated civil government from spiritual government into a divinely ordained, segregated Protestant theocracy.
Subtlety expressed and masterfully executed, Chapter XX is dripping with figurative language, suggesting that Calvin went to great lengths to insure that his distaste for the Catholic papacy would not go unnoticed.
The first third of Chapter XX concentrates on the duties and responsibilities of the magistrate. This after two opening sections which clearly divide government into two parts, and then claim these parts not to be antithetical.
Indeed such a preamble is necessary since the remainder of the document is to be a separation, yet cross-self-reliance on these parts. Calvin made no attempt to separate local, regional, or national magistracy. In fact, most of the scripture references are Old Testament passages which refer to either the kings of Judah, or other post-king patriarchs.
However, no where did Calvin mention the source of this divine position to be the church. Rather he asserted, quoting Psalms 2: By assigning to the church the responsibility of caring for the magistrate, Calvin allows the church to be associated with government while not actually becoming part of the government, as his Catholic adversaries did.
Beyond divine appointment, however, Calvin also outlines the duties of the magistrate in a way which uniquely joins the government to God. We will write a custom essay sample on Calvins Unique Theocracy Order now More Essay Examples on Calvin continued his blend of civil and spiritual government through a discourse on the duties of the magistrate, issues of war, and the levying of taxes.
On the duties of the magistrate, for example, he returns to the question of divine appointment. It is no coincidence, however, that he includes no reference which joins the magistrate to the corporate church. Supported by additional references to Old Testament kings, Calvin implies that it is inappropriate for the magistrate to be a church leader, in that King David, for example, had priests dedicated to occupying those positions.
On the topic of war, Calvin makes his position crystal clear. War, for Calvin, is a final recourse. The only philosophers Calvin had in view were those philosophers of religion which embodied Catholic theocracies.
With respect to levying tribute, Calvin pulls an unusual shift which is very inconsistent with his frequently repeated emphasis on humble living. Calvin asserts that the government has the God given authority to lay and collect taxes.
This comes as no surprise, considering the abundant scripture which supports such a claim. This symbolism, however, is always within the strict context of Christian piety, and never ventures into the arena of personal, worldly satisfaction.
Calvin next shifts to issues of law, including its correct and incorrect usage, and the application of this law within his uniquely framed theocracy.
He begins buy distinguishing law as moral, ceremonial, and judicial. In Catholicism, without The Church as the foundation of government, legal systems, however prudent, loose their credibility to individual wants and desires.
Calvin conversely maintains that only the Catholic church possesses the attributes to corrupt an otherwise sensible, threefold legal structure. Continuing with his thesis on law, Calvin focuses on the believers proper use of the established legal system.
He does not specifically forbid Christians to engage in legal disputes. To conclude his section on law, Calvin summarizes with a very poignant statement which contains strong anti-Catholic overtones.
Since the magistrate, to Calvin, is ordained by God, his divine position is sufficient to insure only God-willing legal protection, along with a Christian attitude of piety. These are two mandates which rank high on the list of important matters for the papacy.Essays & Papers Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay - Paper Example Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay When we think of a theocracy, we usually think of a political system, governed and legislated by a religious body with religious beliefs - Calvins Unique Theocracy Essay introduction.
John Calvin Essay Examples. 51 total results. A History of Scientific Revolution in Society. 1, words. 2 pages. An Examination of Calvin's Unique Theocracy.
2, words. 5 pages. The Doctrine of Predestination and the Views of Martin Luther and John Calvin. 2, words. But Calvin’s theocracy, unlike those under Catholic rule, places the focus of these two particulars directly on God, whereas a Cathlo-theocratic system is concerned exclusively with papal compliance.
Calvin s Unique Theocracy When we think of a theocracy, we usually think of a political system, governed and legislated by a religious body with religious beliefs.
For the most part this is true. Historically, theocratic governments have successfully existed throughout the world, from ancie. Calvin wanted a city controlled by the clergy – a theocracy.
In , the Libertines won the day and Farel and Calvin fled the city and went to Strasbourg. In , the Libertines won the day and Farel and Calvin fled the city and went to Strasbourg. When we think of a theocracy, we usually think of a political system, governed and legislated by a religious body with religious beliefs.
For the most part this is true. Historically, theocratic governments have successfully existed throughout the world, from ancient Egypt .