Honor is essential if one wants to be a hero Honor is gained through engagement in life-threatening activities a hero cannot avoid threatening situations and maintain his honor.
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The free Mythology research paper Iliad And Honor essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. Throughout The Iliad, the heroic characters make decisions based on a definite set of principles, which are referred to as the "code of honor.
Hektor, the greatest of the Trojan warriors, begins the poem as the model of a Homeric hero. His dedication and strict belief in the code of honor is illustrated many times throughout the course of The Iliad.
An example of this is presented in book three of the poem, where Hektor reprimands Paris for refusing to fight. He says to Paris, "Surely now the flowing-haired Achains laugh at us, thinking you are our bravest champion, only because your looks are handsome, but there is no strength in your heart, or courage" 3: Hektor believes that it is against the heroic code for a person to abstain from fighting when his fellow men are in the battlefield.
Hektor faces a moral dilemma when dealing with Paris. By being Paris' brother, Hektor is supposed to protect and honor his decisions, but he believes that Paris is wrong in his actions, and feels it necessary to make that known to him.
Another place where we see Hektor's strict belief in the code of honor is in the events that take place during his return home in the sixth book. Hector returns to Troy in order to have the queen and the other women make a sacrifice to Athena, hoping that she will help the Trojans in the war.
After arranging that act he visits Paris, with the intention of convincing him to fight. Visibly upset, Hektor scolds Paris, telling him that "The people are dying around the city and around the steep wall as they fight hard; it is for you that this war with its clamour has flared up about our city.
You yourself would fight with another whom you saw anywhere hanging back from the hateful encounter," 6: Paris agrees that he has been dishonoring himself, and tells Hektor he will return with him to fight.
Hektor then goes to find Andromache, who is standing by the walls outlining the battlefield with Astanax, their son. When Andromache pleads with Hektor to stay home and cease fighting, Hektor refuses, telling her that he would feel deep shame in front of the Trojans if he were to withdraw himself from the war.
Hektor then tells Andromache that the thought of her being dragged off by the Achains troubles him, but he is relieved by the knowledge that she will be looked at as "the wife of Hektor, who was ever the bravest fighter of the Trojans, breakers of horses, in the days when they fought about Ilion," 6: This causes Andromache to shed tears.
On the one hand, she understands Hektor's beliefs and deep sense of morality, but on the other feels it is just as honorable to stay home and care for one's family. This is a second place in which Hektor feels torn between two conflicting responsibilities.
A character's social status was mainly based upon his performance in the battlefield. Achilleus is a tragic figure who believes strongly in social order, but questions the idea of fighting for glory. When Aias and Odysseus are sent by Agamemnon to plead with Achilleus' to fight for the Greeks, Achilleus denies them, saying "There was no gratitude given for fighting incessantly forever against your enemies.
Fate is the same for the man who holds back, the same if he fights hard" 9: This statement shows that Achilleus is an individual, and does not conform to the ideas of the others. Achilleus is portrayed as a fatalist, believing that there is no point in fighting, because the end is the same for everyone.
In book nine, when Agamemnon admits he is wrong and offers gifts, Achilleus still refuses to join his army in battle. He does not see Agamemnon's gifts as a reconciliation attempt, but rather as an insult.
Achilles believes that Agamemnon's offerings are selfish and boastful, and he denies them to in order to show Agamemnon that his loyalty cannot be bought. Later in the poem, Achilleus revenges Patroklos' death by killing Hektor.
It is customary and proper to return a dead body to its home so it can be given a proper burial, and it is against the code of honor to perform acts of excessive cruelty. Achilleus is so distraught by his friends' death that he contradicts both of these conditions.The Homeric Honor Code. A paper discussing male codes of honor in ancient Greece using Homer’s ‘Iliad’ and Hesiod’s ‘Works and Days’.
“The code of honor that the warriors of the Illiad lived by was complex and oftentimes contradictory. The rules of male honor in the Greek society portrayed in the poem required a man to have.
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Throughout The Iliad by Homer, one of the most important aspects of society is warfare. In fact, not only are the ongoing wars at the center of the plot and action in the text, but warfare itself is one of the strongest social forces detectable.
In Homer’s, The Iliad, Book 1, “The Rage of Achilles,” one of the main concepts presented is the idea that the gods desire honor and glory. It is very evident that both Achilles and Agamemnon are in competition for more power and dominance.
Honor is essential to the Homeric heroes, so much that life would be meaningless without it. Thus, honor is more important than life itself. Throughout the Iliad, heroic characters make decisions based on a specific set of principles, which are referred to as the "code of honor.".
Honor was an important aspect of both heroic sets of ideals, but because of the different purposes of the epics, honor had a different role in each epic.