Indigenous Australians Indigenous Australians have inhabited Australia for over 40, years.
It remains relevant, sadly, to this day. Many nurses working in Australia find themselves in remote areas caring mainly for Aboriginal people of whom they have little understanding.
It is hoped this paper will provide a basic awareness of indigenous Australians and the reasons for the ill health they experience today. Indigenous Australians have lived in Australia for over 50, years and their culture encompassed over tribes with individual languages and customs, with certain commonalities that could perhaps be compared to the common links between Essay about indigenous australians European cultures.
In the lifetime of a few generations this distinct culture has had to adapt to changes which took thousands of years to spread in other parts of the world. This resulted in treatment such as hunting, rape and massacre of the Aboriginal people on a huge scale.
Although the Aborigines resisted, their population was swiftly decimated by violence, as well as a lack of immunity to introduced diseases.
Since European colonisation, Australian governments have dominated the lives of indigenous Australians, who are claimed to be the most legislated people in the world.
Reserves and missions were set up and Aborigines were forcibly moved to them, where they lived in crowded, dirty conditions, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Police were used to find and take the children, with orders not to tell the children or Essay about indigenous australians where they were being taken.
Although there were some exceptions, most parents did not freely give up their children, and usually contact between families was discouraged or prevented.
The experiences of these children were varied, from those exposed to various forms of exploitation, to those who found happiness with adoptive families. Many Australians today will argue that the practises of forcible removal had beneficial outcomes for the children who were taken.
Irrespective of the intentions of the policy makers at the time, the National Inquiry into the Stolen Generations found that compared with people who were not removed, these children are in fact not better educated, not more likely to be employed, and not receiving significantly higher incomes.
They are twice as likely to have been arrested more than once in the past five years, and twice as likely to assess their own health status as poor or only fair.
In the s the Australian government sanctioned the testings of nine nuclear bombs by the British government on Australian land in Maralinga, South Australia and Monte Bello, Western Australia. These bombs were twenty times greater than the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombs.
It was known at the time that Aboriginal people were living in these areas. The effects included los of sight, skin rashes, radiation poisoning and hundreds of families forced to leave their homelands due to severe contamination.
Other legislation affecting Aboriginal people has included lack of equal pay, segregation and inequality of health care, curfews from certain towns and cities, and alcohol prohibition. The census counted the indigenous population at , or 1. Their unemployment statistics were almost three times those for non indigenous people.
Females die 19 years younger and males 18 years younger than their non indigenous counterparts. Despite these statistics, there is a belief within segments of Australian society, that Aborigines are not disadvantaged, and even that they live privileged lifestyles on government money.
Alcohol prohibition to Aborigines was enforced in individual states and territories until between This did not prevent their access to alcohol or other drugs, so they were often arrested for using alcohol.
Exemption clauses existed, whereby those who could prove they complied with required standards of hygiene, intellect and good non indigenous company, could legally consume alcohol.
Further causes of alcohol and substance abuse in the indigenous population include low self esteem, depression and alienation. Growing use of other illegal substances such as petrol sniffing and kava misuse are creating major social problems in some areas.
Related causes of morbidity and mortality include accidental or violent injury, toxicity, epilepsy, heart disease, hypoglycaemia, pancreatitis, cirrhossis and pneumonia.
Aboriginal people are placed in police custody at up to 26 times the rate for non indigenous people. They are over represented for offences of disorderliness, assault and drunkenness, whilst being under represented for homicide, robbery, theft, fraud, sexual offences, driving and drug offences.
Despite evidence showing likelihood that a considerable number of Aboriginal deaths in custody between and were the result of violence by police or prison officers, investigations into these cases were not recommended and have not taken place.
However, the recommendations made did include vetting police and prison officers, abolishing public drunkenness as an offence, and presuming homicide rather than suicide when investigating future cases of Aboriginal deaths in custody. Diseases such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease are causing high rates of premature mortality in the indigenous population.
Many Aboriginal people consume large amounts of sugar, meat and tea, which became their staple diet during the days of missions and reserves. Renal disease is ten times higher in the Aboriginal population than non indigenous Australians. There are a number of reasons, including non insulin dependent diabetes, glomerulonephritis often resulting from widespread outbreaks of streptococcal skin infectionshypertension and chronic infections.Indigenous Australian Cultures Essay.
Indigenous Australian Cultures The Dreaming The Dreaming is a time before now, long ago, where spirits that lay dormant under the flat desolate plains of the earth's crust, rose up and took the form of humans and animals.
Aboriginals or indigenous Australians are the native people of Australia. Aboriginals were nomadic people who came to Australia about 40, – 60, years ago from Southeast Asia. Religion is a great part of Aboriginal culture.
This essay will examine some of the impacts of colonisation on the indigenous communities. The concept of colonisation will firstly be explained, and then this essay will discuss who was doing the colonising, when this was happening, why they were doing this, and the usual ways that colonisation was achieved.
Indigenous Australians, Indigenous peoples - The Rights Of The Australian Aboriginal. My Account. The Rights Of The Australian Aboriginal Essay. The Rights Of The Australian Aboriginal Essay Ethnocentricity and Non-Aboriginal Australians Essay - History has shown that Non-Aboriginal Australia most defiantly was ethnocentric in regards to.
Essay Substance Abuse Among Indigenous Australians. Substance abuse among Indigenous Australians has been in on a constant increase over the years and are times more likely to smoke daily than non-Indigenous people, and times more likely to use any other illicit drugs compared to non-Indigenous Australians (timberdesignmag.com ).
Free Essay: As health professionals, we must look beyond individual attributes of Indigenous Australians to gain a greater understanding and a possible.