The static view is summarized by the work system framework, which identifies the basic elements for understanding and evaluating a work system. An easily recognized triangular representation of the work system framework has appeared in Alter,and elsewhere. The work system itself consists of four elements: Customers may also be participants in a work system, as happens when a doctor examines a patient.
High Performance Work System is a name given to a set of management practices that attempt to create an environment within an organization where the employee has greater involvement and responsibility. Barnes writes that the concept and ideas for high performance work systems has existed for quite some time and has its roots in the late twentieth century amid the upheaval in the United States manufacturing environment Barnes,p.
The concepts that arose out of these turbulent times are items that eventually would become key components of a high performance work system. The ability for an employee to participate in the decision making process is considered to be one of the key elements of an HPWS because it allows the employee to make decisions that effect their immediate environment, which in turn effect the entire organization.
This participation provides leads to employees feeling more empowered, which leads to a more committed workforce, at least in theory.
The second component is training. This training provides employees with the necessary skills to perform their jobs in a more effective manner as well as the opportunity to assume greater responsibility within an organization.
Training also gives organizations a way to cross-train employees in different skills and roles to ensure that employees understand many roles within an organization.
The third component is employee incentives. The two previous elements help to prepare employees and organizations for successful HPWS implementation and operation, but without incentives, the system will most likely fail. Incentives can take many forms, with some examples being stock options and other equity plans, profit sharing plans, pay raises, bonuses for meeting performance targets and other monetary incentives.
In addition, incentives can take the form of non-monetary options such as time off, flextime, group lunches and other special employee benefits. In addition to the three components of involvement, training and incentives, there is also a fourth element that makes up another key component of modern day high performance work systems.
Technology is everywhere in the world today and must be considered as part of any organizational development exercise. The challenge of implementing and sustaining high performance work systems in the United States: University of Notre Dame.
Managing human resources 13th ed.A high-performance work system unites the social and technical systems (people and technology) and aligns them with company strategy.
It ensures that all the interrelated parts of HR are aligned with one another and with company goals. A study examined the relationship between high-performance workplace practices and the performance of plants in the following manufacturing industries: steel, apparel, and medical electronic instruments and imaging.
High-performance teams (HPTs) is a concept within organization development referring to teams, organizations, or virtual groups that are highly focused on their goals and that achieve superior business results.
High-performance teams outperform all other similar teams and they outperform expectations given their composition. Within high performance work systems, technology does not have to be leading edge technology solutions, but it does provide an “infrastructure for communicating and sharing information vital to business performance” (Bohlander & Snell, , p.
). Aug 28, · Within high performance work systems, technology does not have to be leading edge technology solutions, but it does provide an “infrastructure for communicating and sharing information vital to business performance” (Bohlander & Snell, , p.
). Now it is your turn to design a high-performance work system (HPWS). HPWS is a set of management practices that attempt to create an environment within an organization where the employee has greater involvement and responsibility.
Designing a HPWS involves putting all the HR pieces together.