Segregation was very enforced and had the effect of people discriminating against each other. The traces of the laws are mostly seen through the characters in her novel and in the ay that they act towards each other. The narrator and main character Jean Louise Finch, better known as Scout, has her own thoughts on the ways that people treat each other and how they discriminate. Many adults may think that she has little understanding of the things that go around in the world and why things are done the way they are.
In order to sift through the many layers of prejudice that Lee exposes in her novel, the reader needs to understand the complex history of race relations in the South. Many states — particularly in the South — passed "Jim Crow" laws named after a black, minstrel show characterwhich severely limited how African Americans could participate in society.
Supreme Court paved the ways for these laws in when the court ruled that it couldn't enforce the 14th Amendment at the individual level.
The first Jim Crow law appeared in ; the laws increased from there and lasted until the civil rights movement of the s. Many whites at the time believed that instead of progressing as a race, blacks were regressing with the abolition of slavery.
Southern churches frequently upheld this racist thinking, which also helped give the Jim Crow laws some of their power. Ironically, African American churches were as likely to uphold the Jim Crow laws as white churches were.
The continued oppression of one group over another is largely psychological. The dominant group first uses force to obtain their power. Slowly, the group being oppressed begins to feel hopeless that the situation can change and begins to unwittingly buy into the oppression as the norm.
Before the civil rights movement gained momentum, many African American churches concentrated on helping their congregations deal with the oppression rather than trying to end it.
Jim Crow laws extended into almost every facet of public life.
The laws stipulated that blacks use separate entrances into public buildings, have separate restrooms and drinking fountains, and sit in the back of trains and buses. Blacks and whites were not allowed to be served food in the same room in a restaurant, play pool together, share the same prisons, or be buried in the same cemeteries.
African Americans couldn't play professional sports with white teammates or serve in the armed forces with white soldiers. Black children were educated in separate schools. Black barbers couldn't wait on white female clients, and white female nurses couldn't attend to black male patients.
Not every law applied in every state, but the Jim Crow laws were demoralizing and far reaching, all in the name of protecting white culture and power.
Interracial Marriage At the time Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird, white people had control over the communities they lived in, but many members of the elite class feared that African Americans would make inroads into the white world by marrying and having children with whites.
Thus, interracial marriage was outlawed in many states. Biracial children were referred to as "mulatto," a word derived from "mule," because, like mules, these children were thought to be the offspring of an unnatural union.
Ironically, biracial children born to black mothers were not seen as a threat to white superiority, so most people looked the other way when a white man — like Dolphus Raymond in the novel — chose to marry a black woman.
The fear of interracial unions reached its apex in a widely held, unrealistic fear that African American men would rape and impregnate white women as a means of penetrating white society and, worse, white power. This sort of crime virtually never happened.
However, the frenzy that characterized the "rape complex" led to drastic and deadly results: Lynching became the primary means of dealing with any accusation of rape of a white woman was pinned on a black man.Lee 's “To Kill a Mockingbird” Harper Lee, an American writer, wrote the famous novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” about the struggles associated with racial discrimination in Maycomb, Alabama, in .
Both Remembering Jim Crow and We Shall Overcome will help students get a sense of the world Harper Lee describes in To Kill A Mockingbird. Questions to Consider During Class Discussion: Define Jim Crow.
In Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Jim Crow Laws contribute to the outcome of Tom Robinson’s case. Racism, disdain, and injustice all are all presenting factors that make up the. Second, Jim Crow laws influence To Kill A Mockingbird with Dolphus Raymond.
Dolphus Raymond is the town “drunk” and a scandal in Maycomb due to his interactions with black people. According to the Jim Crow laws, intermarriage was not allowed (timberdesignmag.com p.1). Conclusion TKAMB and Jim Crow Laws continued Harper Lee, the author of "To Kill a Mockingbird", published the book in , only a few years before the Jim Crow laws officially ended.
Many people believe that she wrote the book as an autobiography of her own life- . Jim Crow Laws. The racial concerns that Harper Lee addresses in To Kill a Mockingbird began long before her story starts and continued long timberdesignmag.com order to sift through the many layers of prejudice that Lee exposes in her novel, the reader needs to understand the .