History of children in the military History is filled with children who have been trained and used for combat, assigned to support roles such as porters or messengers, used as sex slaves, or recruited for tactical advantage as human shields or for political advantage in propaganda. In the United Nations identified 14 countries where children were widely used by such groups: Singer of the Brookings Institution estimated that child soldiers participate in about three-quarters of ongoing conflicts. Peter Singer has suggested that the global proliferation of light automatic weapons, which children can easily handle, has made the use of children as direct combatants more viable.
Harvard Business School Professor Michael Porter states that competition is not about which company is the biggest, but who is the most profitable…and the following five forces define profitability: For-profit businesses use this framework as a way to analyze competition and implement business strategy.
It uses an example of the airline industry to illustrate the Five Forces: Bargaining Power of Service Providers Suppliers: How much influence do sub-contractors or partners providing services English proficiency classes, job training programs, mental health services, etc.
Providers gain power as their services become central to the mission and vision of the organization. Bargaining Power of Grantmakers Buyers: There are an estimated 1. In the Washington D.
Therefore, it is important for public sector leadership to understand the gaps or competition in the market.
How likely will a grantmaker or community member switch to a competitor? If switching costs are low and similar organizations exist, there may be a serious threat of substitution. Threat of New Entrants: With donor loyalty or high fixed costs, the threat of new entrants can be limited.
However, if the demand for a particular service is high and fixed costs are low, new organizations or programs may enter the market.
Overall, there are a lot of similarities in the strategies and frameworks taught in the traditional business world that can be transferred to the public sector.
Sometimes you just need to be creative with the language — as in our debate over a SWOT vs.Porters 5 Forces: Suppliers The bargaining power of suppliers, one of Porter‟s Five Forces, can have a significant effect on an organization. Suppliers hold power over a firm when they increase prices and reduce the quality of their product and the firm cannot use their own pricing to recover these changes in costs.
The majority of wars today are intrastate conflicts fought with small arms, and where such conflicts take place, many of those fighting are children. The Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) used well-organized logistics methods to supply and equip their fighting forces.
This logistics organization helped greatly in their war against the American and South Vietnamese military during the Vietnam War.. The Viet Cong's full-time soldiers were referred to as the "Main Force" (Chu Luc).
Social Science Maths English Hindi A Hindi B. Very Short Answer Type Questions [1 Mark] Question 1. What was the result of the peace negotiations . This crude undated 5 Dong note was issued in by communist Vietnamese forces in southern Vietnam called the Nam Bo. Because of the difficulty in communicating and getting supplies from Ho Chi Minh's forces in the north, the Nam Bo were authorized to print their own currency.
This discussion will close with the presentation of an NGO adaptation of Porter’s Five Forces model. The Power of Large Suppliers and the Power of Large Customers For the NGO sector the activities are mainly service, and not product, based.