Outline the importance of the favourable environment in supporting normalisation. Showing an understanding of why the child might regress. If we look closely we will see that the child has a different need to that of an adult, where the adult has reached the norm of the species but the child is in a constant state of metamorphosis. The integration that the child achieves is through work.
Introduction of the concept Deviations At the same time that Montessori was distinguishing the process of normalization she distinguished another process which she called deviations.
She saw that the process of normalization and deviations is going on all of the time. It is what children are engaged in.
If you do not like the word deviations in referring to human beings, one option is to think of deviations as defenses. We are all familiar with the idea of being defensive. Another option is to think of a deviation as a detour. In Italian as in Spanish the word desviaciones refers to a detour in the road.
Deviations or detours in development result from road blocks in the developmental process. I like to think that hormic energy, or life force energy, runs through us like a crystal clear river. If the energy runs smoothly without barriers and stays within its river banks, we see normalization.
If this river, this force is repressed and not allowed to flow in its normal channel, it will seek other ways to move. The hormic energy may be damned up for a while producing an artificial passivity. Every now and then the dam will let loose a big burst of energy.
If energy is held in, The life force energy cannot be expressed in ways appropriate to the situation. On the other hand if the river banks are not well defined, the water can spread too thin over the countryside. Just so, the hormic energy without any boundaries can spread out too thin and over too large an area of life.
If the child has insufficient order or limits in his life then there is not enough life force to carry out anything much. The horme is dissipated.
The Process of Deviations This process is not one big drama. It is the drama of everyday life. The child feels threatened and reacts to save herself. She has to defend herself. A deviation is a defense created when development cannot proceed in a normal way. All children have some deviations. If they are not straightened out, they will become worse in time.
Montessori says that the defects in adults can be traced back to a lack of development in the first years of life. There are many Types of Deviations Dr.
Montessori has categorized deviations in several ways. It is interesting to see how she reaffirms their presence while giving them different titles.
There is overlapping between the various categories. However, each order she places them in gives us much to think about. By now the psychic energy is separated from the movements of the child from lack of purposeful activities in the environment.
This type of adult often abandons the child to her toys, the television, or the computer. True, toys stimulate activity, but usually it is like a flash and once used then the toy no longer can give the same attraction.
She becomes like the adult who is not content unless she is being entertained constantly. So easy it is to foster this deviation and heap toy after toy upon the poor child while denying her part as a worker in the family. For some children the way to feel safe is to hang onto an adult or an older child.
She is the one whose movements have been supplanted by others so many times that her drive to independence is thwarted. They are likely to be corrected. Messiness, disobedience and quarreling are so common as to be though normal.
The lazy child or the inhibited child who outwardly appear to do little are constructing a thick inner wall of defense to keep out the external world. We are all aware of adult negative reactions to these behaviors. Deviations as Fugues In The Secret of Childhood she talks about deviations as being fugues and barriers.
A fugue is a running away, a taking refuge, often hiding away as one hides ones real energies behind a mask. These are the children who are never still, but their movements are without purpose.Nataliya Prybylska, Montessori pedagogue, Kyiv, Ukraine Normalization of a Child in Montessori system Each small child undergoes an .
In this essay we will be discussing normalisation and linking it with the concept of deviations. Outline the importance of the favourable environment in . Normalisation: Pedagogy and Child. Topics: Pedagogy, Each of these characteristics plays an important part in a child’s normalisation development.
Through the joy of learning independents. These characteristics support the child with developing bonds of unity, makes it easier for a child to learn from another rather than the teacher, the. The Process of Normalization. Instead, Maria Montessori used the terms "normal" and "normalization" to describe a unique process she observed in child development.
Montessori observed that when children are allowed freedom in an environment suited to their needs, they blossom. After a period of intense concentration, working with .
(The Secret of Childhood). After 40 years of work, spreading her scientific pedagogy around the world, Dr.
Montessori was willing to say that Normalization is the single most important result of our work. The Process of Normalization. The Process of Normalization.
In Montessori education, the term "normalization" has a specialized meaning. "Normal" does not refer to what is considered to be "typical" or "average" or even "usual." "Normalization" does not refer to a process of being forced to conform.
Only "normalised" children, aided by.