Kasaragod Lakshadweep According to Ethnologue, the dialects are: The community dialects are: Thus for examples, the survey of the Ezhava dialect of Malayalam, results of which have been published by the Department inhas brought to light the existence of twelve major dialect areas for Malayalam, although the isoglosses are found to crisscross in many instances.
Essay on The Position of Women in India! The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of devi goddess as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India.
Though woman enjoyed the theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini better-halfbut in practice she had a subservient position than man.
It was generally seen and believed that women had lower status with reference to power and influence than men in all spheres of life—family, community, religion and politics. Till recently, it was held that up to marriage, she is protected by her parents, during married life, she is looked after by her husband, and after the death of her husband, she was used to spend remaining years of her life under the roof of her children without any will or desire and rights in the family.
She was not allowed to decide how money would be spent or invested. She did not have any money at her disposal. She had to take permission to spend money from her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family. In brief, she had no personality of her own.
Some scholars have explained this inferior status of women as a result of patriarchal code of living. The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for the low status of women in India. In the following paragraphs we will survey, in brief, the position of women in India from Rigvedic period to modern times.
It is generally upheld on the basis of the instances depicted in religious texts e. They had an honourable place in the society.
They were not secluded from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and state occasions. They studied the Vedas and composed hymns. They also distinguished themselves in science and learning at their times.
They were considered intellectual companies of their husbands, as the friends and loving helpers in the journey of life of their partners, in their religious duties and the centre of their domestic bliss. In Vedic times, women were not treated as inferior or subordinate but equal to men in all matters of life.
They were given education and had a voice in the selection of their husband. Marriage was regarded as a religious bond. Child marriage was unknown. Often there were love marriages known as Gandharva Vivaha. Monogamy was a general rule. Polygamy was almost unknown. Women enjoyed complete freedom in household matters.
In the religious field, women enjoyed all rights and regularly participated in religious ceremonies. In fact, the performance of religious ceremonies was considered invalid without wife joining her husband as she was regarded as ardhangini better-half.
The references in the Rigveda to the life of a widow are very few but it was not characterized by restrictions and austerities as in the post-Vedic days. Remarriage of widows was allowed. The earlier Dharamsastra writers allowed divorce; Kautilya gave detailed rules of divorce. As regards sati, burning of the widow, Shakuntala Rao Sastri writes that the Rigveda does not mention anywhere the practice of the burning or burial of widows with their dead husbands.Women: Essay on The Position of Women in India.
Essay on The Position of Women in India! They had an honourable place in the society. They were not secluded from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and state occasions. They . Importance of Women in our Society. Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles On September 21, By Gyan.
The extent of woman’s participation in the corporate life is thus the measure of social change in India.
Women’s interest and participation in social life is increasing. This development is also the result of women’s education. Without woman nothing is possible for men, they are basic unit of the society, they make a family, family make a home, home make a society and ultimately societies make a country.
So the contribution of a woman is everywhere from taking birth and giving birth to . The woman is now an important instrument of social change.
The extent of woman’s participation in the corporate life is thus the measure of social change in India. . Kadetotad, N.K., Religion and Society among the Harijans of Yellammana Jogatiyaru Hagu Devadasi Paddati (Jogati of Yellamma and Devadasi Custom), Dharwad, Karnatak University Press (Kannada), Kala Rani, Role Conflict in Working Women, New Delhi: Chetna Publishers, Read in another language; Women in India.
(Lower House of the parliament) have been women. However, women in India continue to face numerous problems such as sexual assault and gender inequality. Contents. The position of Indian women in society deteriorated during this period.
Women in parliament: %.