These reforms have focused on enhancing traditional forms of participatory forums, creating new participatory institutions, and combining both traditional and modern types of mechanisms to institutionalise participatory decision-making at the local level Administrative Reform Commission ; Government of Nepal Participatory planning is an example of the institution that integrates new and old forms of participatory practices with the aim to directly engage citizens in various aspects of local governance, including formulating annual budgets and programs, implementation of such programs and in some cases involving citizens in monitoring and evaluation committees in municipalities Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Participatory planning was grafted on the representative setting of local democracy, i.
Participatory planning Integrating Knowledge: Here we use the example of fisheries management plans as an example of participatory planning. Emphasis is given to a management plan as an approach that allows for integration of knowledge of stakeholders, scientists and policy makers, thus stimulating participatory research and action.
With the aim of contributing to the establishment of a bottom-up approach rather than the typical top-down approach, one can also integrate experience based — and research based knowledge.
Participation, then, is at the core of participatory planning. In some cases it represents the key element that determines the willingness of stakeholders and scientists to be engaged in participatory activities.
If there is an active and open dialogue between relevant stakeholders, scientists and policy makers, this stimulates knowledge production, its mobilization and integration.
In order to succeed, participatory planning activities should ensure the legitimacy, saliency, credibility and transparency of the process.
It is also important to incorporate the needs of all actors involved in the process, including policy makers, in terms of problem solving. Expected Outcomes The outcome of participatory planning is the design of a management plan that is based on a participatory process.
The establishment of open dialogue, collaboration and mutual trust between all stakeholders is key in participatory processes. In addition, one should empower those who previously have been excluded from the management discourse.
All this may include the development of new skills in participants and the building of new knowledge through the integration of different knowledge systems and scales Reid et al. What is Study of participatory planning as a On the practical side, experience in group management is useful, as well as knowledge of the use of tools for scoping and working together e.
When using management plans as a tool, extensive knowledge of fisheries as well as the administrative organization is needed in order to ensure both the needs of policy makers and fishers, while achieving sustainability.
How it works Initiating the participatory planning process. When one or more actors acknowledge the need for a participatory process to solve problems, and they engage in an active role to pursue it, the participatory process may start.
Involving relevant stakeholders is a key element that allows the first establishment of partnership. This implies the joint assessment of the problem to be solved and elaboration of the goals to be achieved.
It may result in the involvement of further stakeholders and policy makers, as well as a better definition of the context and objectives of planning activities. The core activity of planning is the context where different ideas, knowledge, and expectations are shared and decisions about different options are taken.
In this arena, knowledge is shared, built, challenged, and consensus could be reached. Warnings All relevant stakeholders and policy makers should be included in the process from its early stages.
The presence of facilitators could be very beneficial to support the process. If using social scientific methods, make sure that those utilising the methods have the necessary training. Conflicts between stakeholders are the rule, not the exception.
Adopt an open process to acknowledge and reconcile them rather than neglecting their existence. Time is needed to share and build knowledge, mutual trust and consensus. Keep in mind that scientists and policy makers are also stakeholders.
The plan establishes a number of technical measures defined though participatory planning over years, including fishers, scientists and policy makers. These measures include closed seasons, mesh size improvements and fishing effort horse power reductions in order to protect juveniles and reduce the overall impact of the fishery on the stock.
Importantly, the initiative for a LTMP came from the fishers themselves, as they observed that there was a significant decrease in the resource abundance, forcing them to think differently. Based on their long-term interactions with scientists in the area, the idea of generating a local LTMP to ensure the sustainable exploitation of their most important exploited species in economic terms was born.
Also key to a successful process is that the fishers are well organized through their Fishery Associations cofradiaswhich is a traditional organization with deep roots across Spain.
This ensures that fishers are given a voice; they are empowered and represented in a manner that they perceive as democratic. Also, the cofradia gives the other partners scientists and policy makers a well-defined stakeholder representative to communicate with.
In addition, the scientists in the area are dedicated to both sustainability and a participatory process. Another important issue to take from this case study is that the LTMP provides fishers with the opportunity to reserve the benefits from the technical measures implemented for themselves, since only the vessels included in the plan i.
Therefore fishermen also perceive the management plan as a protection, with legal rights, against conflicts with fishermen from other ports. What people say about this tool On the Plan: If someone feels excluded it is because they wanted to be excluded.Case Studies.
Each case in our library includes an instructor guide, learning objectives, suggested readings, and a presentation with supporting images and maps.
Planning Topics: economic development, environmental planning, governance, decentralization, participatory planning, infrastructure planning, planning ethics, regional planning. Participatory Planning for Sustainable Communities 2 Christine Platt Thanks to Lauren Clark and Alice Hague for translations from German.
The views and recommendations expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not. participatory planning process should ideally be followed by a participatory approach for implementing, monitoring and evaluating the development activities.
the longer-term approach is provided in the Brazil case study in the last section of this article. Category: Policy & Planning 4 Tool: Participatory Development Planning. With case studies of neighborhood developments from North and South America, Europe, and Africa that span forty years, Building Together offers a seminal treatise on the community-based design practices of participatory planning and advocacy timberdesignmag.com: Roger Katan.
planning, Esperanza hopes to fix the environmental hazards, poor transit accessibility, and inadequate availability of open space that currently characterizes South Los Angeles.
The community-led planning exercises created by Esperanza fit into a larger, ongoing practice of participatory planning. Participatory planning is an urban planning paradigm that emphasizes involving the entire community in the strategic and management processes of urban planning; or, community-level planning processes, urban or rural.