It is therefore incumbent upon those who conceive, design, and deploy biometric systems to consider the cultural, social and legal contexts of these systems. Not attending to these considerations and failing to consider social impacts diminishes their efficacy and can bring serious unintended consequences. The key social issue surrounding biometrics is the seemingly irrevocable link between biometric traits and a persistent information record about a person.
Preparation for Military Struggle VI. Military and Security Cooperation Preface The world today is undergoing unprecedented changes, and China is at a critical stage of reform and development. In their endeavor to realize the Chinese Dream of great national rejuvenation, the Chinese people aspire to join hands with the rest of the world to maintain peace, pursue development and share prosperity.
China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development, pursue an independent foreign policy of peace and a national defense policy that is defensive in nature, oppose hegemonism and power politics in all forms, and will never seek hegemony or expansion.
Countries are increasingly bound together in a community of shared destiny. Peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit have become an irresistible tide of the times.
Profound changes are taking place in the international situation, as manifested in the historic changes in the balance of power, global governance structure, Asia-Pacific geostrategic landscape, and international The issue of informatized conflict in the economic, scientific and technological, and military fields.
The forces for world peace are on the rise, so are the factors against war. In the foreseeable future, a world war is unlikely, and the international situation is expected to remain generally peaceful.
There are, however, new threats from hegemonism, power politics and neo-interventionism. International competition for the redistribution of power, rights and interests is tending to intensify.
Terrorist activities are growing increasingly worrisome. Hotspot issues, such as ethnic, religious, border and territorial disputes, are complex and volatile. Small-scale wars, conflicts and crises are recurrent in some regions.
Therefore, the world still faces both immediate and potential threats of local wars.
With a generally favorable external environment, China will remain in an important period of strategic opportunities for its development, a period in which much can be achieved. China, as a large developing country, still faces multiple and complex security threats, as well as increasing external impediments and challenges.
Subsistence and development security concerns, as well as traditional and non-traditional security threats are interwoven. Therefore, China has an arduous task to safeguard its national unification, territorial integrity and development interests.
Japan is sparing no effort to dodge the post-war mechanism, overhauling its military and security policies. Such development has caused grave concerns among other countries in the region. Some external countries are also busy meddling in South China Sea affairs; a tiny few maintain constant close-in air and sea surveillance and reconnaissance against China.
It is thus a long-standing task for China to safeguard its maritime rights and interests. Certain disputes over land territory are still smoldering. The Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia are shrouded in instability and uncertainty.
Regional terrorism, separatism and extremism are rampant. Further, China faces a formidable task to maintain political security and social stability. Consequently, China faces more challenges in terms of national security and social stability.
Heel of the advanced, informatized U.S. military: its information systems, especially Information operations conducted during time of crisis or conflict to achieve or followed by an October meeting that dealt with “The Issue of Military Revolution.” The alleged high point of Chinese IW research was a 22 December risome implication may be that, in the event of a military conflict between the United States and China, the information dimension could prove to be a major, possibly critical, area of U.S. weakness, much as it was assessed to be in the late s vis-à-vis the Soviet Union. She had been editing a special issue of the journal of the International Institute of Social Studies, Development and Change on labour internationally (Chhachhi ). When I could not meet the D&C requirements, I decided to expand it for this special issue of Interface.
The world revolution in military affairs RMA is proceeding to a new stage. Long-range, precise, smart, stealthy and unmanned weapons and equipment are becoming increasingly sophisticated.
Outer space and cyber space have become new commanding heights in strategic competition among all parties. The form of war is accelerating its evolution to informationization.
World major powers are actively adjusting their national security strategies and defense policies, and speeding up their military transformation and force restructuring. It is a Chinese Dream of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Chinese Dream is to make the country strong.
Without a strong military, a country can be neither safe nor strong. Internally and externally, the factors at play are more complex than ever before.
In response to the new requirement arising from the changing security situation, the armed forces will constantly innovate strategic guidance and operational thoughts so as to ensure the capabilities of fighting and winning. In response to the new requirement arising from the worldwide RMA, the armed forces will pay close attention to the challenges in new security domains, and work hard to seize the strategic initiative in military competition.
In the military strategic guideline of the new era was formulated, which took winning local wars in conditions of modern technology, particularly high technology, as the basic point in making preparation for military struggle PMS.
Inthe guideline was further substantiated, and the basic point for PMS was modified to winning local wars under conditions of informationization.
They will further broaden strategic vision, update strategic thinking and make strategic guidance more forward-looking. A holistic approach will be taken to balance war preparation and war prevention, rights protection and stability maintenance, deterrence and warfighting, and operations in wartime and employment of military forces in peacetime.
They will lay stress on farsighted planning and management to create a favorable posture, comprehensively manage crises, and resolutely deter and win wars.
In line with the evolving form of war and national security situation, the basic point for PMS will be placed on winning informationized local wars, highlighting maritime military struggle and maritime PMS.single issue of mutual concern, there is acrimony in the Sino-US relationship fed by a perception defense operations to deter or delay US intervention in a Taiwan conflict.
informatized conditions,” understanding a change in the nature of warfare due to advances in command, control, communications, computers, intelligence. risome implication may be that, in the event of a military conflict between the United States and China, the information dimension could prove to be a major, possibly critical, area of U.S.
weakness, much as it was assessed to be in the late s vis-à-vis the Soviet Union. This emphasis on "informatization" derives from the expectation that the People's Liberation Army (PLA) must prepare for local wars under informatized conditions, a theme that was underscored at the 17th CCP Congress in October View all notes Second is improving the PLA’s ability to wage modern wars along China’s periphery, such as in the South China Sea or across the Taiwan Strait.
4 4 This is known in the PLA’s current jargon as ‘informatized local wars’ (信息化局部战争). countries on issues relating to trade imbalances, currency rates, and human rights.
Especially in regard to conflicts over maritime interests, China has adopted so-called assertive measures. sovereignty claims to land features, an issue States—during a crisis or conflict. China’s officially-disclosed military budget grew at an average of percent per year in inflation- fighting and winning “informatized reassignment of some units.