Economic History of the United States and Samuel Slater As Western Europe began industrializing in the late s and early s, the United States remained agrarian in nature and resource processing in its few semi-industrial pursuits,  however, as demand for U. This made it necessary for the U.
The History of Mexican Immigration to the U. She sat down with Jason Steinhauer to discuss the history of this migration and the similarities and differences to immigration today.
By way of background, could you provide an overview of the flow of immigrants from Mexico into the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries? For almost a half-century after the annexation of Texas inthe flow was barely a trickle.
In fact, there was a significant migration in the other direction: Mexican citizens who left the newly annexed U. Beginning around the s, new industries in the U.
Southwest-especially mining and agriculture-attracted Mexican migrant laborers. The Mexican Revolution then increased the flow: Mexicans also left rural areas in search of stability and employment. As a result, Mexican migration to the United States rose sharply. The number of legal migrants grew from around 20, migrants per year during the s to about 50, —migrants per year during the s.
This same period saw massive numbers of immigrants arrive in the U. Were Mexican immigrants viewed similarly or differently? There was concern among the U. The so-called science of eugenics helped drive this concern—the notion that ethnic groups had inherent qualities of intelligence, physical fitness, or a propensity towards criminality and that some ethnic groups had better qualities than others.
These beliefs tied in directly to concerns about immigration and immigration policy. They were thought to be docile, taciturn, physically strong, and able to put up with unhealthy and demanding working conditions. Perhaps more importantly, they were perceived as temporary migrants, who were far more likely to return to Mexico than to settle permanently in the United States.
Does this explain why Mexico was exempted from the quotas in the Immigration Act of ? Mexico and in fact, the entire Western hemisphere was exempt from the quotas in part because of the agricultural lobby: Southwest argued that without Mexican migrants, they would be unable to find the laborers needed to sow and harvest their crops.
In addition, migration from the Western Hemisphere made up less than one-third of the overall flow of migrants to the United States at the time. Finally, the perceptions of Mexicans as temporary migrants and docile laborers contributed to the fact that they were never included in the quotas.
Soon after the quotas, the Cristero War erupted in Mexico. What impact did this have on immigration? Between andCatholic partisans took up arms against the Mexican federal government in protest against a series of laws that placed strong restrictions on the public role of the Catholic Church.
In a country that was 98 percent Catholic, this provoked a furious response. Many Mexican Catholics were determined to go to war against their government until the laws were overturned.
The Cristero War had a twofold effect: Second, it politicized Mexican migrants in the United States around the Cristero cause.The History of Mexican Immigration to the U.S. in the Early 20th Century. The Mexican Revolution () then increased the flow: war refugees and political exiles fled to the United States to escape the violence.
Some of the rhetoric and debate about immigration, particularly immigration from Mexico and Latin America, echoes that. The revolution of sought to turn a colony of Great Britain into a new independent republic based on constitutionally protected freedom.
It succeeded with the creation of the United States. Immigrants: America's Industrial Growth Depended on Them Download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link.). THE MAKING OF A NATION – a program in Special English by the Voice of America..
In our last program, we told the story of the Statue of Liberty, given to the United States by the people of France. American Latino Theme Study; The outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in greatly intensified the movement of people within Mexico and eventually across the border, a trend that continued for the first three decades of the 20th century.
For discussion of the changing gender balance of Latin American immigration, see . Immigration to the United States is the international movement of non-U.S. nationals in order to reside permanently in the country. (on Butler, Becoming America, The Revolution before , European colonization of the Americas; History of laws concerning immigration and naturalization in .
Immigration during the Industrial Revolution Immigration was a huge part of the industrial revolution, some migrated legal, some illegal. Either way, many immigrants came to the United States searching for a dream, the American dream to be precise.