Aristotelian hypothesis[ edit ] The origin of the word tragedy has been a matter of discussion from ancient times. The primary source of knowledge on the question is the Poetics of Aristotle. Aristotle was able to gather first-hand documentation from theater performance in Atticawhich is inaccessible to scholars today.
Aristotelian hypothesis[ edit ] The origin of the word tragedy has been a matter of discussion from ancient times.
The primary source of knowledge on the question is the Poetics of Aristotle. Aristotle was able to gather first-hand documentation from theater performance in Atticawhich is inaccessible to scholars today.
His work is therefore invaluable for the study of ancient tragedy, even if his testimony is open to doubt on some points. According to Aristotle, tragedy evolved from the satyr dithyramban Ancient Greek hymnwhich was sung along with dancing in honor of Dionysus.
Others suggest that the term came into being when the legendary Thespis the root for the English word thespian competed in the first tragic competition for the prize of a goat hence tragedy. The Oxford English Dictionary adds to the standard reference to "goat song", that: Jane Ellen Harrison pointed out that Dionysus, god of wine a drink of the wealthy classes was actually preceded by Dionysus, god of beer a drink of the working classes.
Athenian beer was obtained from the fermentation of barley, which is tragos in Greek. Thus, it is likely that the term was originally meant to be "odes to spelt ," and later on, it was extended to other meanings of the same name.
Winnington-Ingram points out that we can easily trace various influences from other genres.
|Actors and Chorus - Ancient Greek Theatre||According to The encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture goat entrails were used as a part of a Greek funeral ceremony as sops for the Greek canine of the underworld Cerberus.|
|The Different Types of Greek Drama and their importance||See Article History Chorus, in drama and music, those who perform vocally in a group as opposed to those who perform singly. The chorus in Classical Greek drama was a group of actors who described and commented upon the main action of a play with song, dance, and recitation.|
How these have come to be associated with one another remains a mystery however. Speculating on the problem, Scodel writes that: First, somebody created a new kind of performance by combining a speaker with a chorus and putting both speaker and chorus in disguise as characters in a story from legend or history.
Second, this performance was made part of the City Dionysia at Athens. Third, regulations defined how it was to be managed and paid for. It is theoretically possible that all these were simultaneous, but it is not likely. This was brief and burlesque in tone because it contained elements of the Satyr play.
Gradually, the language became more serious and the meter changed from trochaic tetrameter to the more prosaic iambic trimeter.
In Herodotus Histories  and later sources,  the lyric poet Arion of Methymna is said to be the inventor of the dithyramb. The dithyramb was originally improvised, but later written down before performance. The Greek chorus of up to 50 men and boys danced and sang in a circle, probably accompanied by an aulosrelating to some event in the life of Dionysus.
As tragedy developed, the actors began to interact more with each other, and the role of the chorus became smaller. He answers the questions of the chorus and so evokes their songs. He answers with a long speech about his own situation or, when he enters as messenger, with a narrative of disastrous eventsThe chorus had a personality and could be important in the action, depending on the play, according to Rabinowutz in Greek Tragedy, but even so, they couldn't prevent the 1,2, or 3 actors from doing what they would.
Since its origin in classical Greek theatre, the theatrical device of the chorus has changed Theatre This role of the chorus, as both Peck and Lil’ Bit, are represented by members of a three‐actor “Greek .
The Function of Chorus in Greek Drama. Dancers preparing for Greek Chorus. Photo by Andrew Mirhej.
Although the historical origins of Greek drama are unclear it may be said it had relevance to religion, art and to the love of expression and perceptive storytelling in general. The origins of the chorus in particular may have stemmed out of ancient rites and rituals with elements of song and.
Greek theatre began in the 6th century BCE in Athens with the performance of tragedy plays at religious festivals. These, in turn, inspired the genre of Greek comedy plays. The two types of Greek drama would be hugely popular and performances spread around the Mediterranean and influenced Hellenistic and Roman timberdesignmag.com the works of such .
Greek statuette. Two strolling actors with comedy masks in the Louvre, Paris The Ancient Greeks took their entertainment very seriously and used drama as a . Chorus, in drama and music, those who perform vocally in a group as opposed to those who perform singly.
"Finding the role and the identity of the chorus is a fundamental challenge for any modern production of ancient Greek tragedy. The full-scale chorus needs to develop a coherent collective presence which makes sense within the aesthetics and narrative of the drama.". Greek tragedy as we know it was created in Athens around the time of BC, when Thespis was the earliest recorded actor. Being a winner of the first theatrical contest held in Athens, he was the exarchon, or leader,  of the dithyrambs performed in and around Attica, especially at the rural Dionysia. The actors and the chorus. playing "dumb" roles (the "followers"). At the beginning the actors have been chosen by the poets (they -sometimes- played the roles themselves). Later, when theatre competition became tough, the need of professional actors emerged. In the 5th century they had become significant members of the greek society.
The chorus in Classical Greek drama was a group of actors who described and commented upon the main action of a play with song, dance, and recitation.